|From||Oliver Wild <email@example.com>|
|Date||Tue, 08 Mar 2016 13:00:22 +0000|
We are advertising a PhD studentship to investigate air quality in the Niger Delta and the impacts of gas flaring in this region. The position will be based at Lancaster University and is jointly supervised by staff at CEH Wallingford. The project combines novel analysis of Earth Observation data on flaring and atmospheric composition with air quality modelling of atmospheric chemistry and transport processes to provide new, more reliable estimates of air pollution in the region and to assess the wider impacts of gas flaring. Project details are summarised below. If you have any students who might be interested, please forward these details; application is online through the link below, and the deadline is 31st March. Air Pollution across the Niger Delta: Earth Observation and Atmospheric Chemistry Modelling Supervisors: Duncan Whyatt, Alan Blackburn, Oliver Wild and Garry Hayman https://www.findaphd.com/search/ProjectDetails.aspx?PJID=73559&LID=722 Gas flaring is a spectacular and effective way of controlling excess pressure in the oil and gas industry, but it is a major contributor to environmental damage in the Niger Delta (Nigeria, Africa) and may have a substantial impact on atmospheric composition around the Globe. Despite widespread use at drilling sites, there is very little reliable information about the location of flares, the amount and composition of gases and particulate matter released into the atmosphere and the fate of these pollutants in the wider environment. These oxidants, soot and aerosols affect regional air quality, damage human health and natural ecosystems, and ultimately affect atmospheric composition around the Tropics. Addressing the resulting environmental challenges requires reliable quantification of the nature and source of these pollutants along with a sound understanding of the physical and chemical processes involved. This project will use GIS and satellite remote sensing techniques to determine the locations and characteristics of flares in the Niger Delta, the most important region for flaring worldwide after central Russia. A state-of- the-art weather forecast and chemistry-transport model, WRF-Chem, will be applied to simulate the emissions, transport, mixing and chemical transformation of associated pollutants at fine spatial and temporal scales. Data on atmospheric composition from dedicated earth observation sensors (e.g., SCIAMACHY, OMI and the upcoming Sentinel 5 precursor) will be used to verify model inputs (flare emission rates) and outputs (gas and aerosol concentrations). The project will deliver the most comprehensive and reliable assessment of air pollution from gas flaring across the Niger Delta and assess the implications of this for environmental regulation and protection. Further Information: http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/sci-tech/downloads/phd_278.pdf ---------------------------------- Dr. Oliver Wild Lancaster Environment Centre Lancaster University Lancaster LA1 4YQ, United Kingdom
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