|From||"Roger Brugge" <firstname.lastname@example.org>|
|Date||Tue, 16 Apr 2013 17:13:18 +0000|
Forwarded from CLIMLIST... Northumbria University is inviting applications for University funded PhD studentships (see table below). These studentships are available for uptake from September 2013. For further details and how to apply please visit: <www.northumbria.ac.uk/researchstudentships <http://www.northumbria.ac.uk/researchstudentships>> If you are considering an application you would be advised to speak to the supervisor for the project that interests you. We will provide advice on how to complete the application form. As these studentships are part of a University competition, we do not know how many studentships will be funded – the quality of the applicant will determine this. In addition to University funding one of these projects will be funded through a Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Ph.D. studentship award. Funding for this project is for 3.5 years (42 months) and is subject to U.K. Natural Environment Research Council regulations. For this post a candidate must have “a relevant connection with the United Kingdom.” Full details of eligibility are given at: <http://www.nerc.ac.uk/funding/available/postgrad/eligibility.asp> and in the NERC Handbook pp.3-7: <http://www.nerc.ac.uk/funding/application/studentships/studentbook2012.pdf> If you would like further information please do get in touch. Please pass this message on to any excellent students who you know are seeking PhD opportunities. The deadline for all applications is 26th April 2013. Kind regards, Dr Ben Brock, Reader (Energy Balance of Snow and Ice) email@example.com <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> Dr Nick Rutter, Senior Lecturer (Snow Hydrology and Micrometeorology) email@example.com <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> Dr Ulrich Salzmann, Reader (Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology and Biogeography) email@example.com <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> Professor John Woodward (Glaciers and Cryospheric Processes) email@example.com <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> Staff home pages can be viewed at: <http://www.northumbria.ac.uk/sd/academic/ee/staff/> ------ Air temperature distribution across melting glaciers Near surface air temperature, /T_a /, is the most important variable determining the melt rate at a snow or ice surface, yet we lack a basic understanding of how /T_a / varies across melting glaciers, impeding our ability to model their response to climate change. This project addresses the problem through two objectives: i) to characterise and understand the spatio-temporal variability of /T_a / over melting glaciers and identify its main controls and physical drivers; and ii) to develop numerical models of glacier /T_a / regimes which can be applied in glacier melt models. The project will involve detailed measurements on alpine glaciers and analysis with numerical atmospheric and weather models, developing a wide range of valuable skills. The outcomes will provide more realistic assessments of glacier response to climate change for water resource management in mountain regions. The student and supervisors will work closely with UK, Swiss, Italian and Chilean partners. Dr Benjamin Brock Email: email@example.com <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> Web site: <http://www.northumbria.ac.uk/sd/academic/ee/staff/benjaminbrock>__ Susceptibility of ancient permafrost carbon to microbial respiration Recent climate change in the Arctic has increased soil temperatures and thawed large areas of previously frozen soils, known as permafrost. These permafrost soils contain vast stocks of carbon approximately twice the size of the entire current atmospheric pool as CO_2 . Despite their global significance, the fate and reactivity of permafrost carbon upon thaw is poorly understood but will depend upon its susceptibility to microbial degradation and metabolism. This project aims to address the problem by 1) measuring and characterising the degradation of carbon in Arctic soils and water and; 2) to identify the major constraints and controls upon degradation rates and to develop simple numerical models to allow predictions of future change. The student and supervisors will work closely with US, Dutch and Russian collaborators and will be expected to travel to Siberia as part of a scientific team to conduct fieldwork. Dr Paul Mann Email: email@example.com <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> Web site: <http://www.northumbria.ac.uk/sd/academic/ee/staff/johnwoodward>__ Assessing uncertainty in snow modelling of forest gaps and edges Snowpacks have a strong influence on climatological and hydrological fluxes between the land and the atmosphere. As approximately 19% of Northern Hemisphere snow overlaps boreal forest, the ability to accurately model spatial variability of energy fluxes within forest gaps and edges is of increasing importance as forests respond to: 1) climatic change, 2) disturbance by fire or insect infestation, and 3) commercial timber management. Spatially distributed measurements of energy fluxes at forest edges and within forest gaps will be made throughout two winters at field sites near Davos, Switzerland. This will be augmented by remotely sensed measurements of forest canopy thermal properties and physical structures using an unmanned airborne vehicle (UAV). In combination, this will allow evaluation of process representation and spatial scaling of energy fluxes within forest gaps and edges in model land-surface schemes. Dr Nick Rutter Email: email@example.com <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> Web site: <http://www.northumbria.ac.uk/sd/academic/ee/staff/nickrutter>__ __ Reconstructing vegetation and climate of a Pliocene warmer world in high resolution Warm climates in Earth history offer a unique opportunity to explore how climate processes and feedbacks may change in a future warmer world. The mid-Pliocene Warm Period (~ 3 million years ago) is the best example of a climate state in long term equilibrium with current or near future concentrations of greenhouse gasses. However, robust quantification of the climate system, as well as our ability to examine and understand data/model agreement and disagreement, is limited by insufficiently chronological control on geological data. The aim of the proposed PhD-project is to use well dated, high-resolution marine records, available through the repositories of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP ), to reconstruct orbitally controlled changes in Pliocene terrestrial vegetation which to date are only poorly understood due to the low number of long continental lake records available. Results will include quantitative climate reconstructions as well as quantified biome data for data-model comparison. Dr Ulrich Salzmann Email: email@example.com <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> Web site: <http://www.northumbria.ac.uk/sd/academic/ee/staff/ulrichsalzmann>__ Dr Ben Brock Reader in Remote Sensing Engineering and Environment Northumbria University Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 8ST Email: Benjamin.email@example.com <mailto:Benjamin.firstname.lastname@example.org> Tel. +44 (0)191 227 3225
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